Central Asian Republics: Gender Assessment Synthesis Report Asian Development Bank

Others teach girls about a wide range of topics — from IT and science to menstruation and virginity, filling the gap in the https://asian-date.net/central-asia absence of formal sex education in schools. Turkey also exerts considerable influence in the region on account of its ethnic and linguistic ties with the Turkic peoples of Central Asia and its involvement in the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline.

In 2011, construction began of a technopark in the village of Bikrova near Ashgabat, the Turkmen capital. It will combine research, education, industrial facilities, business incubators and exhibition centres. The technopark will house research on alternative energy sources and the assimilation of nanotechnologies. Between 2010 and 2012, technological parks were set up in the east, south and north Kazakhstan oblasts and in the capital, Astana. A Centre for Metallurgy was also established in the east Kazakhstan oblast, as well as a Centre for Oil and Gas Technologies which will be part of the planned Caspian Energy Hub. In addition, the Centre for Technology Commercialisation has been set up in Kazakhstan as part of the Parasat National Scientific and Technological Holding, a joint stock company established in 2008 that is 100% state-owned. The centre supports research projects in technology marketing, intellectual property protection, technology licensing contracts and start-ups.

So I guess we need not to hurry with our conclusions about the rise and rather talk about the content of the practices. If I go to hijama performer to get healed it is not that I am believing only in Islamic healing, but it is because I cannot afford Russian or even other ethnic clinics in Russia to get medical help. The same goes for those who seek medical help from alternative healers and religious healing at home where medical services are available on papers only. Besides practical reasons I must admit that there was more room to practice one`s religion in Russia than at home. This concerns the freedom of wearing religious cloth unless one works full time. Unlike men, women are less independent in their decisions to practice Islam depending on their family status. If their husbands or a partner attend a mosque regularly, then the woman tries to stay within the rules of Islam depending also on her employment and living conditions.

  • If their husbands or a partner attend a mosque regularly, then the woman tries to stay within the rules of Islam depending also on her employment and living conditions.
  • Migrant population is young and older members of migrant families take care of the children left behind by those who go to Russia for work.
  • The Eastern Iranian Pashto language is still spoken in Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan.
  • Mosques offered a safe place to network, rest, socialize, feel safe, experience spirituality particularly for those who are not at home.

From burials, we have learnt that the royal group tends to be taller physically. It appears that the Scythians did have kings, but most of them met a grisly end. Eventually a system of tanistry was installed in which nobles and princes will get together and choose the successor. So there was always an extraordinary amount of instability within these Central Asian kingdoms or khanates. Copyright ©2023 Center for International Private Enterprise ; all rights reserved. New York Times bestselling author Liz Welch emphasized in her remarks the importance of women sharing their stories, especially the most frightening and uncomfortable ones because they can save someone else’s life. There is a missing systematic qualitative research on this important topic.

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Kazakhstan is also one of the three founding members of the Eurasian Economic Union in 2014, along with Belarus and the Russian Federation. The republics which have fared best benefitted from the commodities boom during the first decade of the 2000s. Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan have abundant oil and natural gas reserves and Uzbekistan’s own reserves make it more or less self-sufficient.

Pakistan, a nuclear-armed Islamic state, has a history of political relations with neighbouring Afghanistan and is termed capable of exercising influence. For some Central Asian nations, the shortest route to the ocean lies through Pakistan. Pakistan seeks natural gas from Central Asia and supports the development of pipelines from its countries. According to an independent study, Turkmenistan is supposed to be the fifth largest natural gas field in the world.

Names of historical regions

Notwithstanding this, they have emerged relatively unscathed from the global financial crisis of 2008–2009. Growth faltered only briefly in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan and not at all in Uzbekistan, where the economy grew by more than 7% per year on average between 2008 and 2013. Kyrgyzstan’s performance has been more erratic but this phenomenon was visible well before 2008. The dominance of the nomads ended in the 16th century, as firearms allowed settled peoples to gain control of the region. Russia, China, and other powers expanded into the region and had captured the bulk of Central Asia by the end of the 19th century.

Women, Kinship, and Property in Central Asia

To establish the conditions for society’s long-term progress, we must share our knowledge and collaborate on projects,” she concluded. Balayeva emphasized that the country’s current gender strategy enhances its standing in international evaluations and indices.


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